Monday, November 21, 2011

Violence against nonviolence

My Ph.D advisor Jim Crutchfield wrote up some thoughts on the recent incident at UC Davis. He has been a scientist for >30 years, and his knowledge of chaos and complex systems (and their instability) gives him a unique perspective. As he explains, he has also had a long relationship with UC. He gave me permission to share this.

Dear All,
       Most of you have seen Friday's pepper-spraying incident on campus:
               http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WmJmmnMkuEM
       The first thing to say is that I apologize.
       Pepper spraying peaceful, nonviolent protesters is inexcusable and deplorable, here and anywhere else in this country. That it happened in California, at UC, and at UCD is saddening.
       Permit me to give you my take.
       This weekend many people are debating the facts and (il)logic of the incident. In time, a clearer picture may emerge.
       The YouTube video speaks directly, however, short-circuiting any fact-finding task force.
       My own reaction? Well, it is rather emotional. Moreover, I don't feel compelled to argue over details.
       The police actions and administration authorization of force deeply anger me.
       Concretely, I feel less safe on campus, around police, and have lost confidence in UCD leadership.
       Yesterday, my thought was to let that anger die down, but I woke up this morning unconsoled.
       As expected, more facts have surfaced: http://boingboing.net/2011/11/20/ucdeyetwitness.html.
       More fodder for debate, but none provide an excuse.
       Rewatching the video and rereading our Chancellor's Friday and Saturday emails, brought up feelings of the same intensity.
       Why? I wondered.
       The answer is pretty simple: The incident reflects on me professionally and personally.
       You may feel similarly.
       After a rather long time living a checkered relationship with large institutions, I am again inextricably part of one. UCD administration decisions and UCD's reputation speak for us here, whether we agree or not. The YouTube video now stands as public and permanent record that we pepper-spray students. This new reputation is made only worse by the fact that they were clearly nonviolent and expressing legitimate and broadly held grievances. What happened at UCD contradicts an educational mission that encourages innovation, debate, and constructive criticism. These---even and especially when inconvenient, costly, unsanitary, ...---are not to be suppressed, let alone with physical harm.
       That's the professional part. What has taken me aback, though, is a deep-seated personal reaction.
       My family has been in California for almost a century. I was born in San Francisco. Due its unique culture California has played a dominant role in guiding modern social, political, scientific, and technical life across the globe.
       A central part of this culture has been UC and California's commitment to access to world-class education.
       No surprise, my family and I benefited tremendously.
       An uncle received his degree in Geology from UCB in the 1950s. My father was trained at what is now UCSF. My brother graduated from UCD. And, I've been at UC for 40 years---first undergraduate at UCSD and at UCSC, graduate at UCSC, post-doc and research faculty at UCB, and now UCD for the last seven+ years.
       UC means a lot to me and I try in my own modest way to repay that debt.
       This history frames Friday's event for me.
       As for the incident itself, I am not a stranger to the complicated issues of policing and protest.
       On the one hand, a life-long friend of my father's was Chief of Police of San Diego. His son and I were best buddies in high school. I know from the inside the life of a police family---their difficulties, their humanity, and their dedication.
       On the other, a cousin was hospitalized by a police beating that he received at UCB in the late '60s. This occurred during his last Spring before graduation. He was not protesting, he was walking between classes. He eventually healed, but never returned to complete his Bachelors.
       That wasn't the last time police brutality affected my family. A Spring many years ago, while I was at UCB Physics, relatives came to visit. The shift from Winter weather had brought on the occasion and, also quite predictably as folks used to joke, protests. We dined at the Durant Hotel, a block south of campus. The restaurant is on the first floor, raised above the street level. We sat in a booth, with large windows looking out over the street. A police line appeared and began pushing protesters up Durant from Telegraph Avenue. As the crowd surged around the restaurant, another phalanx of riot-geared police appeared from a side street, pinchering the crowd to move right in front of our view. Unexpectedly, the police line separated and a cop on a motorcycle drove through, jamming the kickstand down and jumping off his bike. He ran into the crowd of protesters, drawing his night stick. Then, down in front of us still seated with our dinners, he began striking one of them in
 the head, until blood covered the sidewalk. His goal accomplished, the fellow was down and not moving, he walked to his bike and rode his way back through the police line.
       The injured protester was carried off. I looked for news to find out how he'd fared, but never found out.
       The beating made us sick.
       I've seen both sides. Protests and the use of physical force to suppress them are not new.
       What's the answer to such complex situations---situations that different sides see differently and that lead to escalating antagonistic behavior?
       In all the mess, one principle is simple: No one escalates such situations via the use of physical harm.
       This simple principle was forgotten on Friday.
       It fills me with regret.
       We are seeing that circumstances are tense yet again.
       It's not by chance that Friday's incident occurs in a larger setting: These are trying times. Whether the social contract or the technical functioning of the markets, the fabric appears to be fraying. An older, fearful generation passes along dispiriting future prospects and much that teeters on instability. (The mechanistic reasons underlying these trends are addressed in http://csc.ucdavis.edu/~cmg/compmech/pubs/focs.htm.)
       What happened Friday may affect you, too.
       I'd be happy to discuss these issues further with you.
       Jim

1 comment:

  1. I have been following the videos of such chaos for a few weeks but when I came to the UCD video, emotions welled up inside. I could not completely explain.
    It was NOT just that I have visited there only a week prior for the first time nor was it because my son is a student there.
    Yes, those did play a small part, they natually would.
    I saw the peaceful words from the students who were allowed to protest on that site and I was proud of them.
    Then I saw standing at the other end of the field, law enforcement in full riot gear, looking ridiculously over dressed for the occasion and I felt for them as well. I am sure they did NOT want to be there either.
    Enter the STAGE. Now all knowing they were now on stage, they all had to play their rolls out to the end. Whether a protester hanging on to each other at any cost or law enforcement having to perform something...anything...to show they had their roll to fulfill.
    As I watched this unfold on video, my tears welled up and I sobbed. I cried for mankind.
    A STAGE created Chaos.
    A presence is all that is needed in a protest. We all get it. We all respect it and are thankful for those willing to protest because they are helping us all.
    Authorities who called in a counter protest presence created this STAGE. It's called Chaos and no one wins in this state.
    I am just sayin...

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